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of Ephemera & Museum of Old Original Certificates
Nostalgic Paper Memories and
your little piece of Ephemera
1848 Requirements of the Husband & Wife
Requirements of the Husband
shall leave father and mother and cleave to his wife
every man have his own wife. (1 cor)
shall dwell with their wives according to knowledge,
giving honor unto them, as unto the weaker vessle.
love your wives, even as Christ loved the Church, and
gave himself for it (Eph 5)
man to love their wives as their own bodies, he that
loveth his wife, loveth himself (Eph 5)
husband render unto the wife due benevolence (1 Cor.)
husband provide not for his own wife and children, he is
worse than an infidel (1 Tim)
shall cheer up his wife (Deut 24:5)
love your wives, and be not bitter against them (Cor
bound to a wife, seek not to be loosed (Cor 1:27)
is honorable in all (Heb 13)
the husband put away his wife (1 Cor)
deal treacherously against the wife of his youth..God
hateth putting away (Mat 2)
It is a
wicked act that a man should gain the heart of a woman,
and then forsake his wife.
Requirements of the Wife
desire shall be to her husband (Gen 3) (i.e. she shall
be subject unto him)
submit yourselves unto your own husbands, as unto the
Lord (Eph 6)
the wife depart from her husband (1 Cor)
is honorable in all (Heb 13)
wife tender unto her husband due benevolence (1 Cor)
hath not power of her own body, but the husband (1 Cor)
every woman have her own husband (1 Cor)
is married careth (or should care) how she may please
her husband (1 Cor)
that women marry, bear children guide the house (1 Tim)
virtuous woman is a crown to her husband (Prov 42).
woman which hath an husband, is bound by the law to her
husband, so long as he liveth (Rom 7)
women should behave as becometh holiness & that they may
teach the young women, to be sober, to love their
husbands, to love their children, to be discreet keepers
at home, good, obedient to their own husbands (Dut 2)
hath joined together, let no man put asunder"
items)…… Ephemera is pronounced “efem’mera”
History of Die-Cut
Scraps & Prints. For a hundred years, the brilliantly colored
images have been tucked away, forgotten or preserved in private
collections. Scraps, as they were called in Victorian times, leap
from the page and stretch across the century to connect us with a
golden time, a gentler time, a time spangled with beauty and
innocence, the time of our great-grandmothers. Today these images,
still as fresh and immediate as gossip over the backyard fence, are
called antique paper ephemera. Originally, they were reproduced by
the early painstaking process of chromolithography, which simply
means PRINTING IN COLORS.
After centuries of black ink on white paper, chromolithography
intoxicated the world with its lush printed hues, transforming the
look of trade and calling cards, valentines, wedding and birth
announcements, cigar box labels, calendars, certificates, and
chromos - pretty scenes meant to be hung on the wall.
Chromolithography had a dazzling, meteoric life, appearing on the
American scene about 1840 and vanishing during the third decade of
the twentieth century.
In the 1880's, women collected pretty colorful pictures and pasted
them in scrapbooks. When the Christmas tree became more popular in
the homes, the women used these pictures from their books to
decorate the trees, thereby the term "Scraps". In the 1890's, the
German printers added tinsel, angel hair and glitter to the scraps
creating the first "Victorian Scraps Ornaments"--known today as
Stone Lithographs were produced by a printer supplying a
greasy substance to a flat stone in a liquid form with a brush or a
pen. After the stone was prepared in this manner, the printer then
dampened it with water and rolled it with a single color ink. The
dampened areas repelled the ink and the greasy areas accepted it.
Paper was then placed over the images on the stone and pressure was
applied by a press on to the paper. This process was then done many
times using a single color at a time, layer after layer, to achieve
the finished results. Today, much time and effort is placed into
maintaining and recapturing the rich vibrant colors found in stone
lithographs from the turn-of-the century!
Marriage & Birth Documents from the 1700's and 1800's are few in
survival from these periods. The 1800's started greater attempts at
keeping records and State statutes began requiring that a recorder
keep a record of marriages, yet many did not comply. While vital
records were at the hands of each State, some did not formalized
even until the early 1900's. While not everyone could afford such
precious documents, genealogy research will still lead you to
parchment (or notebook) paper documents and small printed forms.
Museum of Old Certificates
Certificates from the Victorian & Edwardian Era
Not for Sale.....just to look at
Enjoy this small museum of old relics and start your own record
keeping from the certificates I offer for marriage, birth, baptism
and more! While these old originals were used to officially document
the event, you too can order reproductions that will one day be
heirlooms and treasures for your family.
In order to get married during the 1700's and 1800's, most
required permission by the parents (father). Couples could announce
their intentions of marriage through the publication of banns; a
marriage would be announced on three consecutive Sundays in church
and if there were no objections, the couple was free to marry.
Another way was through a marriage bond given to the court by the
intended groom. Some made it public by mounting a notice in public
view for fifteen days. The historical course of marriage is often
described as a shift from marriage as a status to the notion of
marriage as a contract, but both status and contract coexist in
conceptions of marriage even today.
The twentieth century took greater strides in the process.
Church and family bible records are the earliest indication of a
record-keeping system. Marriage and birth registrations can be found
in bible records, baptismal records, school records, and old
The U.S. Congress ordered an act in 1877 whereby documented
information on marriages would be maintained in order to track their
whereabouts (County and State of residence)---hence the marriage
Publishers and printers responded to the call of creating marriage
and wedding documents. Some of the earliest marriage documents were
printed in the 1850's (pre and post-civil war).
Other publishers began creating beautiful, paper documents using the
process of chromolithography. Soon popped up those including Currier
& Ives, Anderson & Cameron (1877), N. Currier, T. Newton Kurtz (the
son of Rev. Benjamin Kurtz), CR Gibson, Abingdon Press, Eden
Publishing House, Ernst Kaufmann, David W. Crider, M.C. Barthel, and
W. Hageuberg, artist, for Cranston & Stowe Publishing Company.
The Northeast part of the country seemed to have the best
record-keeping system with the most generated remains of these
finely, printed originals. Perhaps you have the original belonging
to your grandparents or great-grandparents!
Some make the argument (and debate) that once you apply for a
marriage license from your County and State office you place
yourself under the jurisdiction of the Family Court and its family
laws. The debate continues that marriage was instituted by God,
therefore it is a God-given right and is to be governed by the
family. A Family Bible contains birth, baptism and death
records---and a marriage certificate; some say that what is recorded
in a Family Bible will stand up as legal evidence in any court of
law in America. Both George Washington and Abraham Lincoln were
married without a marriage license. They simply recorded their
marriages in their Family Bibles. For this reason, some might have
their present day marriage certificate read, “according to the
Ordinance of God and the Laws of [the church] (versus the
....were not permitted to marry according to civil ordinance prior
to emancipation; T. Newton Kurtz published a document of marriage
for former slaves. The below certificate was issued in 1863.
Freedmen's Bureau's marriage records are arguably some of the most
important records available for the study of black family marital
relations before and after the Civil War. For the increasing number
of African American genealogists and family historians, this unique
body of marriage records may hold the only formal proof of a slave
ancestor's marriage. Slave marriages had neither legal standing nor
protection from the abuses and restrictions imposed on them by
slaveowners. Slave husbands and wives, without legal recourse, could
be separated or sold at their master's will. Couples who resided on
different plantations were allowed to visit only with the consent of
their owners. Slaves often married without the benefit of clergy,
and as historian John Blassingame states, "the marriage ceremony in
most cases consisted of the slaves simply getting the master's
permission and moving into a cabin together."
Reproductions of the Old Originals
Tradition is being honored today for family members, brides and
grooms all over the country. Reproductions of these beautiful
certificates are being used during ceremonies today or proudly
displayed on easels for all to see. These heirlooms can be passed
on to the next generation.
Wedding, birth, baptism or other family celebrations---obtain your
own reproduction as a reminder of days gone by and set forth a good
system of recordkeeping for your family heritage!
Purchase a Wedding
For better for worst, for
richer for poorer....This 1915 certificate features Isaac who lifted
up his eyes, and saw, and behold the camels were coming. And Isaac
took Rebecca and she became his wife (from scripture).
This is a color lithograph used in Michigan.
Reproduction Currier & Ives Marriage
Certificate, published by N. Currier, "Entered according to Act of
Congress in the year 1848by N. Currier in the Clerk's office of the
District Court of the Southern District of N.Y.," 152 Nassau St.
Cor. of Spruce, N.Y.
This ornate Certificate of Marriage was signed in 1882 by Mr. Hardy
and Miss Lizzie Wornell on October 26, 1882 in Cadott, Wisconsin. It
has 3 oval cut outs for photos. This certificate was printed with
black & gold ink. It was published by Anderson & Cameron, 95 & 98
Fulton St., New York.
This Antique Marriage
Certificate is copyright 1901, Certificate No. 51 by C.R. Gibson &
Co., N.Y. The wedding date is April 10, 1907 in New York. This one
has a lot of use of colors and floral designs with two oval cut outs
for photos. Used now as a
Lutheran pastor used this pretty certificate to document the
marriage between Mr. Broisen and Miss Larsen on September 14, 1919
in Kansas. The church seal is affixed and reads, "Tescott Ottowa Co
Kansas, St. Paul's Ev Luth Church.
This certificate was published by the Abingdon Press, New
Certificate No. 112
Scripture: And Boaz took Ruth and she was his wife. Ruth. IV, 13.
original document was published by Jennings and Dye of Cincinnati,
printed in Germany. Used in 1902
Old German Baptism Certificate
I found this certificate in Fredericksburg, Texas a few years back.
The best I can read, the recipient, Alfred Georg John von Gustan
Kirhn, was born June 19, 1899 and baptized March 16, 1913. The
certificate was published by Eden Publishing House, St. Louis,
Missouri, No. 503.
A Vintage Marriage Certificate
of 1888 has two oval cut-outs for photos, featuring the marriage
boat and printed in black & gold ink.
Native to New York, this couple were married on October 24, 1888 in
The certificate indicates: "Entered according to Act of Congress in
the year 1877 by Anderson & Cameron in the Office of the Librarian
of Congress at Washington."
Published by Ernst Kaufmann,
Lahr, Baden 22 & 24 North William Street, New York, certificate No.
104. This certificate was used in Pennsylvania at Hazleton on the
16th of September, 1905. The certificate has beautiful pictorials
including Jesus at the door, the family gathered reading the bible
and the church on a hill.
Blessings for Howard Graff for
his confirmation in the Lutheran Church on March 29, 1918. This
print was published by The Abingdon Press, New York-Cincinnati, No.
80 and No. 30 as indicated
Order the reproduction at
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